The Ministry of Agriculture launched one month on from the outbreak of the Second World War, one of the most memorable slogans of the whole conflict - 'Dig for Victory'.
From this point on, the whole of Britain's home front were encouraged to transform their private gardens into mini-allotments. It was believed, quite rightly, that this would not only provide essential crops for families and neighbourhoods alike, but help the war effort by freeing up valuable space for war materials on the merchant shipping convoys. Indeed, over just a few months, Britain saw its green and pleasant land transformed with gardens, flowerbeds and parkland dug up for the plantation of vegetables.
By 1943, over a million tons of vegetables were being grown in gardens and allotments.
During the course of the war, many propagandist moves were made to promote the importance of 'growing your own'. In addition to the circulation of familiar Ministry of Agriculture 'food flashes', literature and poster displays, anthems were also introduced. One such 'Dig for Victory' anthem is shown to the right.
Carrots were one vegetable in plentiful supply and as a result widely utilised as a substitute for the more scarce commodities. To improve its blandness, people were encouraged to 'enjoy' the healthy carrot in different ways by the introduction of such characters as 'Doctor Carrot'. Culinary delights in the form of , carrot jam and a homemade drink called Carrolade (made up from the juices of carrots and swede) were suggested by the Ministry of Agriculture.
Trim carrots and boil in the usual way. Prepare curry sauce as follows;
Melt fat in saucepan, add chopped onion and fry for a few minutes. Add curry powder and flour and fry, stirring from time to time, for a few minutes longer. Stir in stock or water, and when boiling, season to taste. Simmer gently for about 30 minutes.
Add cooked carrots to curry sauce in saucepan and cook for about 20-30 minutes. Serve with a garnish of cooked rice.
Similarly to the 'Doctor Carrot' character, but this time using potatoes, 'Potato Pete' was another character introduced to encourage the population to eat home grown vegetables.
As with the Dig for Victory theme, 'Potato Pete' also had its own song amplifying its message. Vocals by Betty Driver (known by millions today as Betty Williams in Coronation Street'), the recording was a great success and did a tremendous amount of good in getting the message across. 'Potato Pete' recipe books were also written to give women suggestions and advice on how best to serve potatoes at mealtimes. For example, 'scrubbing instead of peeling potatoes' was recommended, thus avoiding unnecessary wastage. Even traditional were adapted to give a 'Potato Pete' theme!
An example of a slogan for 'Potato Pete' is shown to the right.
One poem with the theme based around the 'Potato Pete' character.
'I'm an Energy Food!'' Says 'Potato Pete' | 'Doctor Carrot' guards your Health (Second World War British Posters – with thanks to the Imperial War Museum)
PICTURE: A jovial Doctor Carrot and jumping Potato Pete
It was clear that as the war progressed, the Dig for Victory campaign had exceeded all expectations in terms of success.
However, as the following 1944 message from the Minister of Agriculture to all gardeners and allotment holders suggests, complacency in efforts were to be avoided despite the anticipated end of the war only being a few months away. There was clearly still a lot of work to be done, even after the war!
As a dedicated, high profile Minister of Food (April 1940 - December 1943) Lord (Frederick James Marquis, first Earl of) Woolton was responsible for selling the benefits of rationing to the British public and educating it into better eating habits. Later in the war, with plentiful vegetables being produced as a result of the success of the 'Dig for Victory' campaign, some were used as the ingredients for the legendary . This particular vegetable pie recipe was made from potatoes, parsnips and herbs - click on link to see full recipe. Alas, this particular dish never really took off with the British public.
Fresh eggs were also produced as people realised the value of keeping chickens in their back yards. The importance of retaining edible scraps of food for pigs was also evoked. These pigs, some of which were purchased with monies collected from organised neighbourhood schemes, once fattened with the scraps, yielded good food too. Pig schemes were often called Pig Clubs.
Cook all together for ten minutes with just enough water to cover.
Stir occasionally to prevent the mixture from sticking.
Allow to cool; put into a pie dish, sprinkle with chopped parsley and cover with a crust of potatoes or wholemeal pastry.
Bake in a moderate oven until the pastry is nicely brown and serve hot with brown gravy.